A urologist is a doctor with specialized training in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders related to the male reproductive system. The term urologist can also be used to describe physicians who specialize in the urinary tract and renal system.


Urologists may focus on surgical procedures such as prostate surgery, kidney stones or bladder cancer, or they may treat patients with prostate enlargement and other benign conditions such as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). Urologists also have a responsibility to educate patients about the signs and symptoms of common diseases of the urinary tract and how to minimize their risk of developing these conditions.

Urologists treat several conditions. These include:

1.      Bladder infections

2.      Bladder cancer

3.      Urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder) problems

4.      Prostate problems, including prostate enlargement and prostate cancer

5.      Kidney stones